Ancillary 3. Tyrrell excerpt.

Major renovations were completed in early November 2017 but I expect that warts remain.
Thanks for your patience. Allan

Ancillary 3. Tyrrell excerpt.

Introduction.
This Ancillary provides an excerpt from J B Tyrrell’s book
Tyrrell, Joseph Burr. Report on the Doobaunt, Kazan and Ferguson Rivers and the north-west coast of Hudson Bay and on two overland routes from Hudson Bay to Lake Winnipeg. S E Dawson, Ottawa (1897).
I accessed the book at the library of the University of Toronto, with the kind and generous help of the staff there. I possess a copy for the entire reach from Baker Lake to Chesterfield Inlet.
The following, which relates to the reach of the Dubawnt River where Moffatt died, was excerpted from page 66F.
The reader will note that Tyrrell makes no mention of rapids in the reach below the portage 400 yards long (the Moffatt party completed this portage in the morning on 14 September) all the way to (Lady) Marjorie Lake. It was in this reach that Arthur Moffatt died.

The excerpt.
Comment. I take up the story from the beginning of the first full paragraph on page 66 F. I omitted no text until that following mark of respect.
Below Wharton Lake the river flows at first eastward, and then southward, for four miles to a small lake, in which distance it rushes down two rapids with descents respectively of 15 and 6 feet.
The small lake seems to be everywhere shallow, though the water is very clear. On its south side is a sand ridge or (esker [character apparently an italic l, which makes no sense to me]
) about 300 feet high, trending east-and-west, on the side of which the three terraces seen at the quartzite hill are well shown. Towards the west end of the ridge are scarped banks of sand almost eighty feet high. On the north side of the lake is a cluster of low islands, composed of boulders of red gneiss, covered with moss and grass. Low hills of boulders continue eastward, along the course of the river, for the next five miles. The stream has no well-defined channel, but flows around and between these hills with a current of from five to eight miles an hour. Five miles below the small lake is a rapid with a descent of twenty feet, past the lower part of which a portage 400 yards long was made over a hill of boulders, and we embarked from a sheet of ice that, on the 23rd of August, was still frozen to the bank. Above the rapid a gravel plain extends a long distance back from the river. At the foot of this rapid the river turns at right angles and flows northward for seven miles as a wide shallow rapid stream, through low country, composed of small morainic or drumlin-like hills of boulders of light-gray well foliated gneiss.
Lady Marjorie Lake, so named as a mark of respect… , was entered at the south end, …

The channel taken by the Tyrrell and Moffatt parties.
I consulted both toporama and my topo (likely identical sources).
http://atlas.gc.ca/toporama/en/index.html
http://www.mytopo.com/maps/index.cfm
Both sources show two exits from Wharton Lake (leading to Marjorie Lake). But some water from the leftmost exit flows into the rightmost one; this is the reason for the three channels in LeFavour’s comment The river between Wharton and Marjorie Lakes split up into three channels…
Both sources mark the rightmost channel as the Dubawnt River.
As one sees easily from inspection of the topos, Tyrrell’s sequence eastward…southward…small lake…south side…esker…right angles…northward identifies the rightmost channel as that taken by his party and therefore Moffatt’s.

Comment 1.
Tyrrell’s book mentions two rapids (15 and 6 feet), then one with a descent of twenty feet that required a portage. The rapids of 15 and 6 feet were run by Moffatt’s party on 13 September.
The next day, Moffatt’s party completed the portage over a hill of boulders and had lunch. The tragedy occurred after lunch, on the reach from the end of the portage to the entrance to Marjorie Lake, for which reach Tyrrell’s book mentions no rapids.

Comment 2. Please compare Tyrrell’s description above with the following excerpt from LeFavour’s article for 14 September.
The river between Wharton and Marjorie Lakes split up into three channels. The longest of these had been traveled by Tyrrell in his trip 60 years before and was described in his journal: there were five rapids, the first two rough but shootable, the third long and heavy requiring a portage of a mile and the last two apparently easy for they were mentioned only as “rapids”. Because this route was described we took it, being careful to look over the first two which were indeed rough. Hurrying as we were, no foolish chances were taken. …
Comment. The reference to J B Tyrrell’s journal is significant, for Tyrrell’s book makes no mention of the last two. Ancillary 3. Tyrrell excerpt.

Conclusions.
1. The Moffatt party possessed information, not provided in J B Tyrrell’s book, regarding the rapids below the portage; I refer here to LeFavour’s passage the last two apparently easy for they were mentioned only as “rapids”.
2. LeFavour identifies the source to have J B Tyrrell’sjournal, rather than JBT’s book (which, as I document here, makes no mention of those rapids) or the Moffatt-Tyrrell correspondence (known to have occurred but not publicly available).
3. The vital point. Those rapids were apparently easy for they were mentioned only as “rapids”.
4. That is, Moffatt followed Tyrrell’s advice faithfully, to his death.

Summary regarding the fatal rapids.
1. J B Tyrrell’s book contains no mention of those rapids, as I document above.
2. But the evidence of Lanouette’s journal, as provided both in
the condensation of the Sports Illustrated’s article, and in
the full text of Ancillary 2 (Lanouette excerpt; the URL is provided at the end of this document),
demonstrates that the Moffatt party had detailed information regarding Dubawnt rapids, including the fatal ones.
LeFavour identifies that source to be Tyrrell’s journal and states that it had earlier proved reliable. I don’t know whether like information was provided also in the Tyrrell-Moffatt correspondence.
3. The important point. Tyrrell had informed Moffatt that the fatal rapids were not serious.
4. The reliability of Tyrrell’s advice.
His [Tyrrell’s] journal had been accurate to that point. [LeFavour]
5. And so, trusting Tyrrell’s advice (as it had full reason to do), the Moffatt party continued downstream from the portage without scouting the fatal rapids.
Conclusion. Every assertion that Moffatt died because he foolishly decided to run those rapids without a scout has no basis in any evidence known to me.

Internal URLs.

Foreword and Forum.
Main text.
Appendix 1. Reality.
Appendix 3. Equipment.
Appendix 4. Experience.
Appendix 5. Pace and weather.
Appendix 6. Food.
Appendix 7. Schedule.
Appendix 8. Rapids in general.
Appendix 9. The fatal rapids.
Ancillary 1. Accusations.
Ancillary 2. Lanouette excerpt.
Ancillary 3. Tyrrell excerpt.
Ancillary 4. Distances.
Ancillary 5. Loose ends and the future.
Ancillary 6. Addenda.
Ancillary 7. Moffatt’s Tyrrell sources.
Ancillary 8. Evidence regarding the tragedy.
Bibliography.

Notice.
With the exception of quoted material, copyright to the above belongs to Allan Jacobs.

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